Stay in optimum health, prevent metabolic syndrome

Optimum Health .jpgDid you know that some people have a syndrome that places them at increased risk of developing diabetes and heart disease – and they never even know they have it?

Metabolic syndrome, which often carries no signs or symptoms, is also associated with several obesity related disorders including fatty liver and cirrhosis, kidney disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea.

Tell me more. What is metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome, also known as insulin resistance syndrome or syndrome x, is a group of factors that increase the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps move blood sugar into the cell where it is used for energy. Obesity causes insulin resistance, which leads to high blood glucose.

How is it diagnosed?

A physician who specializes in endocrinology can prescribe the medical tests that diagnose Metabolic syndrome, which is determined by a presence of three of the following:

  • Abdominal obesity, defined as a waist circumference in men ≥102 cm (40 in) and in women ≥88 cm (35 in)
  • Serum triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL or drug treatment for elevated triglycerides
  • Serum HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women or drug treatment for low HDL cholesterol
  • Blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg or drug treatment for elevated blood pressure
  • Fasting plasma glucose ≥100 mg/dL or drug treatment for elevated blood glucose

Prevalence

Metabolic syndrome is more common in African-Americans, Asians, Hispanics and Native Americans. Chances also increase with age, as well as with lack of physical activity.

Treatment

Treatment of metabolic syndrome is aggressive lifestyle modification focused on weight loss and increase in physical activity. Weight reduction is optimally achieved by diet, exercise and pharmacological treatment if needed. Medications are used to treat risk factors such as high blood pressure, glucose and lipids.

Optimum health

It is important to visit your primary care physician regularly and address an endocrinology specialist if metabolic syndrome is encountered. Maintaining a healthy diet and an exercise plan (approved by your provider) is an excellent way of avoiding metabolic syndrome and maintaining optimum health.

pati1

Divya Reddy Pati, M.D.

Dr. Divya Pati is an endocrinologist practicing with TMCOne Medical Group. She diagnoses and treats diabetes, thyroid problems, calcium disorders, osteoporosis, pituitary, adrenal and other hormonal disorders.

TMC One Med Group your health your team OL

New TMC One endocrinologist is now available to tackle an assortment of complex cases

Dr. Shubh Preet Kaur Board-Certified Endocrinologist  TMC One

Dr. Shubh Preet Kaur
Board-Certified Endocrinologist
TMC One

Tucson Medical Center and TMC One, formerly Saguaro Physicians, are proud to welcome Dr. Shubh Preet Kaur, a board-certified endocrinologist who is accepting new patients. She specializes in diagnosing and treating diabetes, thyroid disorders, adrenal and pituitary gland disorders, metabolic disorders, menstrual irregularities, osteoporosis and calcium disorders.

“I believe in providing the same care to each patient that I would want for my family. My goal is to provide evidence-based, cost-effective and personalized health care of the highest quality to all my patients,” said Dr. Kaur.

Learn more about Dr. Kaur, her unique approach to patient care and why she really knows firsthand what challenges diabetics face:

What is your background?

I grew up in India and completed medical school there before starting a residency in internal medicine at Rochester General Hospital in upstate New York. I was then presented with a great opportunity to be the chief resident for the Internal Medicine Residency Program at the University of Arizona. I went on to complete an endocrinology and metabolism fellowship here at the University of Arizona.

What inspired you to go into Endocrinology?

I find complexities of the endocrine system challenging and fascinating. Having multiple family members with diabetes inspired and attracted me further to care for people suffering from diseases of the endocrine system.

How do you help primary care physicians care for their patients with diabetes?

Diabetes is a very complex disease, which affects almost all the organs of the human body. I help primary care physicians care for patients affected by this dreadful disease in whom simple medication regimens do not work, whose disease is hard to control or whose disease has progressed to a stage of complete insulin dependence or overt organ damage. Together, we help patients maintain optimal metabolic goals with the latest the field has to offer. I work with my patients to help them prevent further complications and maintain a healthy and independent lifestyle. Multiple other specialists also help us provide the best possible care to our patients.

At what point does a diabetic patient need to see an endocrinologist rather than just receive care from a primary care physician?

Patients are usually referred to an endocrinologist for adrenal, pituitary, thyroid and calcium metabolism-related issues. Patients with diabetes are often referred if the disease is hard to control, progresses to a state where they require complex medication regimens, have wide blood sugar ranges, multiple complications or if they are having difficulty getting to their target blood sugars.
After completing your endocrinology fellowship from the University of Arizona, what made you decide to stay in Tucson?

My training brought me to Tucson. I never thought I would stay here long, and now I don’t think I will ever leave. The small town feel with the amenities of a big city, great outdoors and the warm weather keep me in Tucson.

What interests you outside of work?

I try to spend as much time as possible with 2-year-old daughter, taking her to the zoo to meet her favorite animal, Nandi, the baby elephant.

What has been your most valuable life experience that has impacted your medical career?

My parents have diabetes so I have firsthand experience about how difficult it can be on patients and their families. I think of my parents when I see my patients and strive to improve their quality of life.

How do you approach your relationship with your patients?

I believe in providing the same care to each patient that I would want for my family. My goal is to provide evidence-based, cost-effective and personalized health care of the highest quality to all my patients.

Dr. Kaur is located at TMC One, 5295 E. Knight Dr., right across from TMC.
She is accepting new patients! Call (520) 324-1010 to make an appointment.
Standard office hours are Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.


Tucson Medical Center | 5301 E. Grant Road | Tucson, Arizona 85712 | (520) 327-5461